In-vitro fertilisation (IVF) and Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
If there is no prospect of becoming pregnant using the methods mentioned above, in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) are further options. This is the case if, for example, the fallopian tubes are damaged, the patient has endometriosis, the man’s sperm quality is significantly limited or also if no cause can be found.
With both types of treatment, the egg is fertilised outside the mother’s body: for in-vitro fertilisation, egg and sperm cells are brought together in a glass dish and then, after fertilisation, returned to the uterus via a catheter. For intracytoplasmic sperm injection, the sperm are mechanically introduced into the egg using
a micropipette under a microscope.